November 19, The message that women are untrustworthy liars is everywhere in our culture—from TV and music, to politics and religion, says Soraya Chemaly. Two weeks ago a man in France was arrested for raping his daughter. Her father was eventually arrested.
How a liberal learned to respect conservative thinking and accept the fact that, yes, the right is happier than the left By Catherine Caldwell-Harris Photo by Jessica Scranton What It Means When You Dye Your Hair Purple Should a something information technology specialist, by all accounts a competent employee, be able to dye her long, wavy brown hair purple without getting grief from management?
That question was at the heart of the conversation at a recent dinner for a group of intelligent and age-diverse women. Download the complete MP3 But I had to dye it back.
It makes you stand out. You are defiantly not fitting in with the group. They were changed by several things, but the most powerful forces were my readings in social and cross-cultural psychology and my experiences in other cultures.
Overseas Education It was May Weeks earlier I had returned from a semester-long sabbatical in China, where I had traveled with my Taiwanese doctoral student for two research projects, both about language, but quite different.
One project studied the cognitive processing underlying reading Chinese script, and the other involved interviews and questionnaires on the comfort and frequency of use of the phrase Wo ai ni I love you. Once, during a visit to a local Starbucks, I was startled to see a woman, a foreigner, who appeared to have some sort of facial dysmorphology.
The bony protuberances of her cheekbones made me try to remember the name of the disease that could cause it. She was a normal woman with a strong nose and cheekbones, characteristically Germanic features. Back in Massachusetts, my face recognition system had almost instantly popped back to its normal setting.
But the China trip had sensitized me to the virtue of minimizing individualist displays and respecting the desires of those above one in the social hierarchy. In the collectivist cultures of East Asia, people have been less concerned with expressing their individuality and more concerned about harmonious relations with others, including being sensitive to negative appraisal by others.
One result is a well-behaved classroom of 30 preschoolers led by one teacher and an assistant. As I sat at dinner with my female friends, I thought about the subtle power of social norms and respect for authority.
In addition to the lessons of living in China, I remembered social psychologist and author of the book Righteous Mind: Haidt had once given a colloquium to my department and visited my lab.
In recent years the New York University professor has become something of a rock star of social psychology, largely because of his persuasive analysis of the value systems of liberals and of conservatives.
Haidt proposes that the moral worldview of liberals focuses on justice and fairness, with equal treatment for all, and on care vs. Political conservatives also have these values, says Haidt, but they are influenced by three other moral systems: The idea that different groups embrace different value systems was, of course, not new, but prior to reading Haidt I had considered respect for authority, in-group favoritism, and purity to be components of collectivist cultural groups, which are usually associated with developing nations and are often described in opposition to the individualist values that are hallmarks of modern, developed regions especially North America, Europe, and Australia.
Collectivism is widespread throughout the rest of the world, particularly in what researchers call small scale societies, but it is also present in large and well organized societies such as China, where traditional values and wisdoms from premodern times, such as Confucian teachings, remain influential.
Many Americans think it is good for all teenagers to have an after-school job, but Indians feel this should be done only if the family needs the money. An American entrepreneur explains to his elderly Polish relatives that his son has succeeded in business without having his father pull any strings or offer any financial assistance.
The Polish relatives are horrified. A graduate student from Kazakhstan has to forgo completing her PhD to return home to earn money so that her nephews can finish high school. I spent years holding conservative values in contempt.
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Harmful, wrong, and unfair!A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets. A project of Liberty Fund, Inc. Facsimile PDF MB This is a facsimile or image-based PDF made from scans of the original book.
Kindle KB This is an E-book formatted for Amazon Kindle devices. EBook PDF KB This. Scholarships for Women: Presently there are various financial aid and scholarships for women around the world. Scholarships for women are available at all degree levels i.e. undergraduate, graduate, master’s, PhD and postdoctoral for upgrading their education worldwide.
It’s time to stop fooling ourselves, says a woman who left a position of power: the women who have managed to be both mothers and top professionals are superhuman, rich, or self-employed.
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