The practice of arranged marriage in india

I assumed they were considering him for a position in their department. It turned out that the professors were married to each other, the other man was planning on staying in the United States, and they were trying to decide whether to arrange for their daughter to marry him. In Western cultures, the choice of a spouse is up to the individual. We have institutions like dating that give young people a chance to accumulate relevant experience over a number of years, so that they can make an informed decision.

The practice of arranged marriage in india

Arranged Marriage Image Credit: In case of an arranged marriage, parents and other relatives decide on a life partner that they deem suitable for their child.

They keep in mind various factors, different for boys and girls, while searching for a suitable match to attach their names with.

Even in the 21st Century, around 85 percent Indians prefer to marry the boy or girl chosen by their families, rather than choosing their life partners themselves. This statistics was reveled in a survey conducted by the Taj Group of Hotels.

Arranged Marriage in India - Facts, Customs, Processes & Significance - An Essay

The success rates of these arranged marriages when compared to the figures concerning love marriages, we might just realize that sticking to traditions and listening to your parents is not always an uncool thing to do.

While arranged marriages were preferred, the consent of the bride was generally taken into consideration.

The practice of arranged marriage in india

In case of royal families, parents arranged a Swayamvar, a ceremony where suitable matches from all over the country were invited. Thereafter, either these suitors had to prove The practice of arranged marriage in india prowess to win over the girl, or the girl herself will choose one of them, by offering him a flower garland.

Even love marriages and elopements were quite common. These rules were seeped in patriarchal tones and advocated stripping women of their basic independence, from a belief that independent women spread promiscuity.

The women from this time on were put under the shackles of forced patriarchy, having to live under the guardianship of a man in all stages of life: As position of women in the society degraded, the concept of marriage and her role in it also changed.

Previous custom of asking for her consent was abolished and rituals like dowry, child marriages, exchange marriage and other derogatory customs began to rise.

Arranged marriages became the most prevalent way of marriage in the country and among Hindus especially. In typical arranged marriages, the parents decide every facet of the process and the prospective bride and groom just show up at the prearranged date of marriage.

The parents send out words through that they are looking for a match for their child through their social circle neighbors and relatives. They might also employ the services of the local matchmaker. Traditionally the matchmaker is an individual who keeps a database of marriageable individual from the neighboring area.

Once a match is established, the elders of the family first meet at a neutral place to talk and also to figure out the suitability of the match firsthand. In these meetings, the families try to judge the financial and cultural barometer of each other through direct or indirect talks.

Criteria for Suitable Match The suitability of a match is determined after taking into account several factors. Some of these criteria are: Religion tops the list of criteria while fixing a marriage match. The boy and girl going for an arranged marriage have to belong to the same religion.

Hindus will marry Hindus, while Muslims will look for a match within the Muslim community and Christian families will prefer their children getting married to a Christian.

This is probably to preserve the culture and heritage of their religion as customs and rituals vary greatly between religions. Caste is another important criterion in the list. Hindu religion is divided and subdivided into several castes, which are again branched out into sub-castes.

While seeking a match, the parents prefer to choose a candidate belonging to same or compatible caste and sub-caste.

Present Scenario of Arranged Marriages in India

This is probably done to preserve the ethnicity of the caste and to seek a match with people having similar customs as one. The cultural background of the two families is also taken into consideration while fixing a match. Orthodox families do not prefer to initiate alliances with families who seem permissive and open-minded and vice versa.

Educational background of the families is also seen to impact a marriage match.

Arranged marriage - Wikipedia

Their moral backgrounds are also scrutinized while considering a match. Horoscope matching is an indispensible part of the arranged marriage process and it is generally the cinching criterion for finalizing the talks. The horoscope matching according to Vedic Astrology is based on nakshatras or Lunar constellation and the process is known as Guna Milap or Ashtakoot Milan.

This assesses the compatibility of the two people in focus based on thirty six points or guna. To be deemed a good match at least eighteen out of thirty six gunas need to be matching.

Other astrological conditions also needs to be determines such as Mangalik Dosha which occurs when the planet mars is positioned in 1st, 4th, 8th and 12th house of the birth chart.

The priest, who is matching the kundalis or birth charts, then prescribes some remedies to counteract the negative effects. The prospective groom needs to have a stable job or business and earn enough money so that he can comfortably support his future family. The higher the professional stature of the boy is, the more in demand he enjoys in the marriage field.

This is the prime criterion of suitability for a girl when being considered for marriage. The color of skin still plays one of the most important deciding factors when it comes to arranged marriage and fair-skinned girls are always preferred over wheatish or dark-skinned girls.Arranged marriages have been part of the Indian culture since the fourth century.

Many consider the practice a central fabric of Indian society, reinforcing the social, economic, geographic, and the historic significance of India (Stein). This practice of caste system gave rise to the concept of arranged marriages.

Present Scenario of Arranged Marriages in India Earlier, an arranged marriage in India was seen as a way of promoting caste system or racism. Arranged marriages have always been a debatable subject. It is in the major outlook on relationships that Indians are vastly different, in the way they perceive the institution of marriage, to those beliefs of other countries especially in the west.

the practice of arranged marriage that there is a special name for a marriage which is not arranged: It is called a “love match.” Arranging a Marriage in India. Arranged marriages might be a bit of a foreign concept in the United States and much of the Western world, but it is a fairly common practice in other parts of the world.

India, Africa, and portions of the Middle East all see having family members arranging a marriage as more of an organic process. Feb 13,  · An arranged marriage is the union of a man and a woman which is brought about by someone other than the bride and groom. Historically, it was the primary way in which future spouses were introduced, and arranged marriages still are a fairly common practice in Reviews:

Arranged marriage in the Indian subcontinent - Wikipedia