Louis, Missouri  to establish a Unitarian Christian church there.
History[ edit ] Eliot was working on the poem after the end of World War One when Europe was undergoing changes as old systems of government and international relations were being replaced. During that time, Eliot was working at Lloyds Bankediting The Egoistand trying to publish poetry.
Eliot had published in Ara Vos Prec, a limited printed work that collected his early poems including "Gerontion". In the typescript, the name of the poem is "Gerousia", referring to the name of the Council of the Elders at Sparta. When Eliot considered publishing the poem as the opening part of The Waste Land, Pound discouraged him from doing so saying, "I do not advise printing Gerontion as preface.
One don't miss it at all as the thing now stands. Thou hast nor youth nor age But as it were an after dinner sleep Dreaming of both. The use of pronouns such as "us" and "I" regarding the speaker and a member of the opposite sex as well as the general discourse in lines 53—58, in the opinion of Anthony David Moody, presents the same sexual themes that face Prufrock, only this time they meet with the body of an older man.
This is especially true of the internal struggle within the poem and the narrator's "waiting for rain". Time is also altered by allowing past and present to be superimposed, and a series of places and characters connected to various cultures are introduced.
Childs, the poem attempts to present the theme of Christianity from the viewpoint of the modernist individual with various references to the Incarnation and salvation.
Childs believes that the poem moves from Christmas Day in line He argues that Gerontion contemplates the "paradoxical recovery of freedom through slavery and grace through sin".
Eliot and the Dialectic of Modernism. Sharpe suggests that Christ appears to Gerontion as a scourge because he understands that he must reject the "dead world" to obtain the salvation offered by Christianity.
Eliot, Eric Whitman Sigg describes the poem as "a portrait of religious disillusion and despair", and suggests that the poem, like "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", explores the relationship between action and inaction and their consequences.
Kazin suggests that in lines 33—36 the poem attempts to show how Eliot tells his generation that history is "nothing but human depravity": After such knowledge, what forgiveness? Think now History has many cunning passages, contrived corridors And issues, deceives with whispering ambitions, Guides us by vanities.
In that stanza he remembers a former mistress and regrets that he no longer has the ability to interact with her on a physical level.
The "closer contact" sought by the narrator represents both the physical longing of intimacy as well as the emotional connection he previously had with the female described in the poem. Signs are taken for wonders. James Longenbach argues that these lines show that Gerontion is unable to extract the spiritual meaning of the Biblical text because he is unable to understand words in a spiritual sense: The passage on history is a series of metaphors that dissolve into incomprehensibility".
I have lost my passion: Ian Duncan MacKillop in F.
Leavis argues that impotence is a pretext of the poem the same way that embarrassment is the pretext of " Portrait of a Lady ". He argues that the narrator writes each line of the poem with an understanding that he is unable to fulfill any of his sexual desires.
An American Poetic Renaissance also states that the poem is centred upon the theme of impotence, arguing that old age brings the poet "not wisdom but confirmed decrepitude and impotence.
I have lost my sight, smell, hearing, taste and touch: How should I use them for your closer contact? Marion Montgomery, writing in T. Gerontion has lost the ability to partake in the same sexual endeavours that face Nathaniel Hawthorne 's hero in " Young Goodman Brown ", yet Montgomery believes he has "turned from innocent hope to pursue significance in the dark forces of the blood".
Gerontion's exploration of sinful pleasures takes place in his mind, according to Montgomery, as he can "discover no vital presence in the sinful shell of his body". It has been used as the titles of plays by Van Badham and Charles Everedof novels by Max Frischand of albums by bands such as Waysted.
Rock singer Fish entitled his first solo album Vigil in a Wilderness of Mirrors. Some commentators believe that James Jesus Angleton took the phrase from this poem when he described the confusion and strange loops of espionage and counter-intelligence, such as the Double-Cross Systemas a "wilderness of mirrors".
It was the title of an episode of the television series JAG where the protagonist is subjected to disinformation. Sources[ edit ] There is a connection between Gerontion and Eliot's understanding of F. In Eliot's doctoral dissertation, later published as Knowledge and Experience in the Philosophy of F.
Bradley, Eliot explores Bradley's philosophy to determine how the mind relates to reality. By relying on Bradley, Eliot is able to formulate his own scepticism and states: Lines within the poems are connected to the works of a wide range of writers, including A.Welcome to our glossary of Literary Techniques METAPHOR post.
This post gives a detailed explanation of one of the many techniques you can find in our Glossary of Literary Techniques for analysing written texts.. Below are some commonly asked questions about metaphor. "Gerontion" is a poem by T.
S. Eliot that was first published in The work relates the opinions and impressions of a gerontic, or elderly man, through a dramatic monologue which describes Europe after World War I through the eyes of a man who has lived the majority of his life in the 19th century.
Eliot considered using this already published poem as a preface to The Waste Land, but. This page lists past service music for Sunday mornings. The weekly updates of this page have been discontinued in until further notice, due to exceeding our web page capacity, and the provision for downloading weekly service sheets including all music details each Friday afternoon as part of The Evangelist e-newsletter.
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Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock", commonly known as "Prufrock", is the first professionally published poem by American-born, British poet T. S. Eliot (–).