Over population in ethiopia as the cause of poverty

Out of a population of around 80 million people, 35 million people are living in abject poverty. Most of them live in rural areas with agriculture as their main occupation. The extremely poor people comprise of the small and marginal farmers.

Over population in ethiopia as the cause of poverty

Ethiopia is one of the World’s poorest countries. Out of a population of around 80 million () people, 35 million people are living in abject poverty. In one of the world’s poorest countries, where about 44 percent of the population lives under the poverty line, more than 12 million people are chronically or at least periodically food insecure. But a third of the population still lives below the poverty line. Samuel Bwalya is the economic advisor for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Ethiopia. Causes of povert are changing trends in a country’s economy. Associated with the lack of education, high divorce rate, a culture of poverty, overpopulation, epidemic diseases such as AIDS and malaria and environmental problems such as lack of rainfall.. Extreme weather may be a .

Changes in atmospheric composition and consequent global warming. Rich countries with high population densities have low rates of infant mortality. It results in human threats including the evolution and spread of antibiotic resistant bacteria diseases, excessive air and water pollution, and new viruses that infect humans.

Increased chance of the emergence of new epidemics and pandemics. However, rich countries with high population densities do not have famine. Poverty and inflation are aggravated by bad government and bad economic policies. Many countries with high population densities have eliminated absolute poverty and keep their inflation rates very low.

However, this problem can be reduced with the adoption of sewers. For example, after Karachi, Pakistan installed sewers, its infant mortality rate fell substantially.

Over population in ethiopia as the cause of poverty

Laws regulate and shape politics, economics, history and society and serve as a mediator of relations and interactions between people. It was even speculated by Aldous Huxley in that democracy is threatened due to overpopulation, and could give rise to totalitarian style governments.

David Attenborough described the level of human population on the planet as a multiplier of all other environmental problems. According to Paul R.

We want to build highways across the Serengeti to get more rare earth minerals for our cellphones. We grab all the fish from the sea, wreck the coral reefs and put carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. We have triggered a major extinction event A world population of around a billion would have an overall pro-life effect.

This could be supported for many millennia and sustain many more human lives in the long term compared with our current uncontrolled growth and prospect of sudden collapse If everyone consumed resources at the US level — which is what the world aspires to — you will need another four or five Earths.

Williams [] argue that third world poverty and famine are caused in part by bad government and bad economic policies.

Resources[ edit ] Youth unemployment is also soaring, with the economy unable to absorb the spiraling numbers of those seeking to enter the work force.

Ethiopia Area and Population Density

Many young people do not have the skills to match the needs of the Egyptian market, and the economy is small, weak and insufficiently industrialized Instead of being something productive, the population growth is a barrel of explosives. It also depends on how resources are managed and distributed throughout the population.

The resources to be considered when evaluating whether an ecological niche is overpopulated include clean waterclean air, food, shelter, warmth, and other resources necessary to sustain life.

If the quality of human life is addressed, there may be additional resources considered, such as medical care, education, proper sewage treatmentwaste disposal and energy supplies. Overpopulation places competitive stress on the basic life sustaining resources, [] leading to a diminished quality of life.

With the global population at about 7. Weather patterns, elevation, and climate all contribute to uneven distribution of fresh drinking water.

Despite Fast Growth, Ethiopia Still Plagued by Poverty

Without clean water, good health is not a viable option. Besides drinking, water is used to create sanitary living conditions and is the basis of creating a healthy environment fit to hold human life. In addition to drinking water, water is also used for bathing, washing clothes and dishes, flushing toilets, a variety of cleaning methods, recreation, watering lawns, and farm irrigation.Overpopulation and poverty are directly linked because the world’s 48 poorest countries in the world will double in population, from million to over billion people, by that time.

This is because when there is a higher death rate for children in a region, there is also an overall higher birth rate. The UN projects the population of the 48 poorest countries in the world will double from million in to billion in (Population Institute) Poverty and the lack of access to education leads to higher birthrates and overpopulation.

Enough arable land exists in India to give each person in the country approximately half an acre. In famine-ravaged Ethiopia, each person could have three-quarters of an acre of arable land.

Africa, the poorest continent, has % of the world's land area, and only 13% of its population. Between and , Ethiopia experienced a 33 percent decline in the share of people living in poverty. This was mainly driven by agricultural growth, investments in basic services, and effective safety nets, underpinned by high and consistent economic growth.

Ethiopia is a nation that has been beset by hunger and poverty for most of its long history. A land where child starvation and subsequent death have been prevalent for such a long time requires assistance from the more privileged and prosperous nations of the world. Over Population In Ethiopia As The Cause Of Poverty Ethiopia food shortages.

Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered by Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, South Sudan, and Sudan.

Poverty In Ethiopia | World Finance