Double space; include heading on the first page top left ; place shortened title and page number in the header of every page top right ; see Format Instructions Title: First draft to be copied and pasted into a forum window; final draft to be submitted as an uploaded file on Canvas. Student Sample Literature Review The Literature Review consists of an introduction, summary of scholarly sources, a discussion and evaluation of the sources including disputes and disagreementsand a conclusion in which you put forth your own potential original research questions that will contribute something new to the available understanding on the topic. A minimum of five scholarly sources not the same ones you used in the Background Essay are required for this essay.
While the short story was not the first fictional genre to make its appearance during the course of the 19th century, it certainly was the first to adapt itself to a new cultural environment, as writers set about using it as a means… Analysis of the genre As a genrethe short story received relatively little critical attention through the middle of the 20th century, and the most valuable studies of the form were often limited by region or era.
By far the majority of criticism on the short story focused on techniques of writing. Many, and often the best of the technical works, advise the young reader—alerting the reader to the variety of devices and tactics employed by the skilled writer.
These two terms establish the polarities of the milieu out of which the modern short story grew.
The tale is much older than the sketch. Usually filled with cryptic and uniquely deployed motifs, personages, and symbolstales are frequently fully understood only by members of the particular culture to which they belong.
Simply, tales are intracultural. Seldom created to address an outside culture, a tale is a medium through which a culture speaks to itself and thus perpetuates its own values and stabilizes its own identity.
The old speak to the young through tales. The sketch, by contrast, is intercultural, depicting some phenomenon of one culture for the benefit or pleasure of a second culture. Factual and journalistic, in essence the sketch is generally more analytic or descriptive and less narrative or dramatic than the tale.
Moreover, the sketch by nature is suggestive, incomplete; the tale is often hyperbolic, overstated. The primary mode of the sketch is written; that of the tale, spoken. This difference alone accounts for their strikingly different effects.
The sketch writer can have, or pretend to have, his eye on his subject. The tale, recounted at court or campfire—or at some place similarly removed in time from the event—is nearly always a re-creation of the past.
The sketch writer is more an agent of space, bringing an aspect of one culture to the attention of a second.
It is only a slight oversimplification to suggest that the tale was the only kind of short fiction until the 16th century, when a rising middle class interest in social realism on the one hand and in exotic lands on the other put a premium on sketches of subcultures and foreign regions.
Nikolay GogolHawthorne, E. Each writer worked in his own way, but the general effect was to mitigate some of the fantasy and stultifying conventionality of the tale and, at the same time, to liberate the sketch from its bondage to strict factuality.
The modern short story, then, ranges between the highly imaginative tale and the photographic sketch and in some ways draws on both. The short stories of Ernest Hemingwayfor example, may often gain their force from an exploitation of traditional mythic symbols water, fish, groin woundsbut they are more closely related to the sketch than to the tale.
Indeed, Hemingway was able at times to submit his apparently factual stories as newspaper copy. Faulkner seldom seems to understate, and his stories carry a heavy flavour of the past. Both his language and his subject matter are rich in traditional material.
A Southerner might well suspect that only a reader steeped in sympathetic knowledge of the traditional South could fully understand Faulkner. Faulkner may seem, at times, to be a Southerner speaking to and for Southerners.
Whether or not one sees the modern short story as a fusion of sketch and tale, it is hardly disputable that today the short story is a distinct and autonomousthough still developing, genre.
History Origins The evolution of the short story first began before humans could write. To aid in constructing and memorizing tales, the early storyteller often relied on stock phrases, fixed rhythms, and rhyme.
Consequently, many of the oldest narratives in the world, such as the ancient Babylonian tale the Epic of Gilgameshare in verse.
Indeed, most major stories from the ancient Middle East were in verse: Those tales were inscribed in cuneiform on clay during the 2nd millennium bce.Writing a leadership essay is not as complex as it seems. You need to understand who a leader is before you can write about them.
A leader is defined as any individual who has the power to influence, motivate, and even exhort his peers and people in general to achieve their set goals. Example of a short literature review in sports medicine is available here.
An example of a student literature review in psychology and lecturer's comments is here. A literature review in a proposal to investigate how indigenous peoples choose plant medicines.
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