History[ edit ] Widening of the franchise in the 19th century led the party to popularise its approach, especially under Benjamin Disraeliwhose Reform Act of greatly increased the electorate. Afterthe Conservatives allied with the part of the Liberal Party known as the Liberal Unionists who opposed their party's support for Irish Home Rule and together they held office for all but three of the following twenty years. Lord Salisbury 's and Arthur Balfour 's governments between and were given the name of "Unionist".
For significant periods of modern British history it has been the dominant governing party, but it has also suffered divisions, defeats and spells in the political wilderness. The Conservative Party has remained relevant because its programme and outlook have adapted to the changing social and political environment, and it has never been exclusively linked to any one issue or group.
Continuity is provided by the fact that the Conservative Party has always stood for social stability and the rights of property.
Origins The origins of the Conservative Party can be traced to the 'Tory' faction which emerged in the later seventeenth century. This 'Tory Party' established a secure hold on government between and However in the unity of the party was destroyed when the Duke of Wellington and Robert Peel, were forced, largely as a result of events in Ireland, to concede full political emancipation to Roman Catholics.
The Tory collapse opened the way for a return of the Whigs Liberals in the s and a series of measures including the Great Reform Act of which changed the political scene. In the general election which followed the Act the Tories were reduced to only MPs. It was in the wake of these upheavals that the name 'Conservative' first began to be used as Peel sought to rally the opponents of further reform in the mids.
He was successful in drawing support back to the party and became Prime How successful was the conservative party after winning the election of However his decision in to reverse course and repeal the protectionist Corn Laws outraged many of his followers, and the party split from top to bottom.
Disraeli and Modern Conservatism The continuous modern history of the Conservative Party begins with the era of Disraeli, and he has perhaps the strongest amongst the many claims to be regarded as its founding father.
In the collapse of the Whig ministry allowed a minority Conservative administration under the 14th Earl of Derby to tackle the question of extending the franchise. The Second Reform Act of was a bold stroke by Disraeli which sought to protect Conservative interests and restore their credibility as a governing party.
Most of the new voters were in the industrial towns and cities, and it was with the aim of improving Conservative prospects here that Disraeli founded what became the central pillars of the party organisation: Disraeli's government of was a landmark in Conservative fortunes and its domestic measures widened its appeal to the urban lower and middle classes.
At the same time, Disraeli forged the crucial link between the Conservative Party and patriotic pride in nation and empire. However, economic problems and Gladstone's revival of Liberal spirits led to Conservative defeat in These Liberal Unionists first gave informal support to Lord Salisbury's Conservative government ofand then shared office as a junior partner when Salisbury returned to power in As a result, from the s to the s, 'Unionist' displaced Conservative as the general term for the Party and its supporters - in Scotland until the s.
More seriously, working-class fears that duties on food imports would raise the cost of living made it an electoral liability. The internal divisions which followed caused a purge of the Cabinet in and did much to cause three successive electoral defeats - the landslide ofwhich left only Conservative MPs, and narrower reverses in January and December The Party was further divided over resistance to the Liberal government's reform of the House of Lords inand Balfour finally resigned the leadership.
The defeats also led to organisational reforms, and in the post of Party Chairman was created to oversee the work of the Central Office.
Balfour's unexpected successor, Andrew Bonar Law, restored Party morale with a series of vigorous attacks upon the government and by his support of Ulster during the passage of the Irish Home Rule Bill in As the 'patriotic' party, its advocacy of vigorous prosecution of the war led to increased popularity, and it also benefited from the splits and eventual decline of the Liberal Party.
In Decemberconcerned over lack of direction in the war, the Conservative leaders supported the supplanting of Asquith by a more energetic and charismatic Liberal, David Lloyd George. When victory came in Lloyd George was at the height of his popularity and Bonar Law readily agreed that the Coalition should continue in order to tackle the problems of peace-making and reconstruction.
As outlined in the By-Laws, the Conservative Party is pleased to announce it will accept candidates for the Senior Staff positions to help lead the party in and beyond. How successful was the conservative party from ? As a party the Conservatives can be seen to have achieved considerable success between the years Before the war the party had lost 3 consecutive elections, whereas during the period they were in power for all but 10 months of those 10 years (First Labour Government January- October ). Social conservatism in the United States is the defense of traditional social norms and Judeo-Christian values. Social conservatives tend to strongly identify with American nationalism and patriotism. They often denounce anti-war protesters and support the police and the military.
However after economic depression and failures of policy inthe Coalition became increasingly unpopular amongst Conservative MPs and local activists. A revolt against the Coalition swelled up from the lower ranks of the party, and Chamberlain was defeated at the meeting of Conservative MPs held at the Carlton Club on 19 October How successful was the conservative party from ?
Essay Sample As a party the Conservatives can be seen to have achieved considerable success between the years Since its founding, the Conservative party has been the most electorally successful in Birtish history.
However the conservative party of today would be an abomination to the governments of Disraeli, Peel or Macmillan and completely unrecognizable in terms of the party line followed.
A Brief History of the Conservative Party. By Stuart Ball, Reader, School of Historical Studies, University of Leicester. Introduction. The Conservative Party has a long history, during which it has passed through many phases and changes.
This applies even to the Conservative Party, the most successful formation in Western democratic history, which has, until now, specialised in u-turning and absorbing rival ideologies to survive. The Conservative Party was so successful because they ran a very effective campaign that made people in England fear what would happen if a weak (minority) labour government was forced into a coalition with the SNP.
As outlined in the By-Laws, the Conservative Party is pleased to announce it will accept candidates for the Senior Staff positions to help lead the party in and beyond.