The CARP symbolized an essential component in the context of the democratization process in the Philippines by targeting agricultural land redistribution and provision of support services for agricultural development seeds, start-up capitals, credits and farming implements.
Addressing poverty from the Ground up Introduction Even before the Spanish colonization of the Philippines in the 1 sass, lands in the Philippines have always been controlled by a few of families.
The Dates and Sultans ruled over massive areas of lands, as power social status was dictated by the size of the land one owned and the number of slaves who worked on them.
The arrival of the Spaniards set the formalization of a feudalistic management of these lands. Until the sass, the small Filipino farmers barely had any rights to the ownership and control of these lands. Its primary purpose was the proper implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program CARPmoving the agriculture program away from feudalism towards modern industrialization and at the same time rumoring social Justice.
During the time of President Gloria Arroyo, Executive Order was passed to further expand the Agrarian Reform implementation in order to strengthen the economic Comprehensive agrarian reform program social impact of this reform to its target beneficiaries.
The redistribution of the land and the securing of land rights were the primary problems faced by those implementing the program.
The large haciendas argued that the economic impact of the program would gravely affect the existing businesses within he lands, making it less viable for growth and http: HTML Page 12 improvement.
There are also socio-political consequences that will arise with the distribution of the lands to the farmers. With the distribution of the land being the main issue of the CARP, several proposals were presented by both parties — the land owners and land beneficiaries, towards reaching an amenable solution.
Some of the more popular terms are Stock-Distribution Options Sods and Corporative Join- problems of Negroes island, one of the major areas in the country where the implementation of the Agrarian Reform Program has not been very successful. Negroes Island at a Glance The island of Negroes may be considered as one of the hotshots with regards to agrarian reform issues.
The island is home to numerous haciendas, with land areas ranging from the low hundreds to thousands of hectares, all of which are owned by only a few families.
Some of the more famous land owners from the island are Adding Conjunct who also has claims in the infamous Hacienda Lawsuit of Central Luzon, and the family of former Senator Rene Espies who owns the Polo plantation located primarily in Tanya.
As early as the late sass, right after the signing of the CARL, some of the Negroes haciendas attempted to comply with the agrarian reform program.
More than 20 years later, the agrarian reform situation in Negroes has barely changed — it is even claimed by the land beneficiaries that some of them are worse now than they were before the implementation of the CARP.
Farmers from the Polo plantations of Tanya have been fighting for their ownership rights over lands which were are still owned by the Sapiens. According to several news reports, numerous Colas of the land beneficiaries were cancelled by the CARP due to loopholes in the law.
Areas of the Polo plantations, which were placed under an economic Page 13 zone status were said to be exempt from the CARP, thus disallowing the distribution of these lands to the beneficiaries.
The sugar plantations of the Conjuncts, on the other hand, were barely touched and even expanded over the years. Just like the Hacienda Lawsuit farmers, the land beneficiaries of the Negroes sugar plantation were offered Sods instead of the land itself.
It has been argued by many stakeholders that the Sods benefited the land owner more than the farmers themselves.SEC. 4. Scope. - The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of shall cover, regardless of tenurial arrangement and commodity produced, all public and private agricultural lands as provided in Proclamation No.
and Executive Order No.
, including other . an act strengthening the comprehensive agrarian reform program (carp), extending the acquisition and distribution of all agricultural lands, instituting necessary reforms, amending for the purpose certain provisions of republic act no. , otherwise, known as the comprehensive agrarian reform law of , as amended, and appropriating funds therefor.
As of December , only 44 percent of all farmer beneficiaries under the agrarian reform program had access to support services, such as farming implements, seeds and access to social credit.
Reaction Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program of , also known as CARP, is a Philippine state policy that ensures and promotes welfare of landless farmers and farm workers, as well as elevation of social justice and equity among rural areas.
CARP, or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, is the redistribution of public and private agricultural lands to farmers and farmworkers who are landless, irrespective of tenurial arrangement. CARP, or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program, is the redistribution of public and private agricultural lands to farmers and farmworkers who are landless, irrespective of tenurial arrangement.