The Gospel According to St. Matthew and the Catholic Church Essay introduction.
It is in that article that Vagaggini provides the scholarly evidence for his intervention at the Synod of Bishops. The diaconate has continued uninterrupted in Eastern churches since apostolic times. Vagaggini, at the time a member of the International Theological Commission ITCreportedly wrote the 15,word work at the request of Pope Paul VI, who had asked about the possibility of admitting women to the ordained diaconate.
The Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus c. Hippolytus adds as a general principal: The Western tradition after Hippolytus distinguishes the two groups based on the laying on of hands and later including the traditio instrumentorum or the anointing.
On the other hand, the Eastern tradition had many ordinations. Byzantine euchologies distinguish between cheirotonia and cheirothesia in the eighth century and following; after about the middle of the twelfth century apparently only the presbyter and deacon are ordained by cheirotonia, whereas lower ministers would be ordained by cheirothesia, a simple blessing.
Nonetheless, the ancient Greek tradition established a distinction among groups of ministers: Theodore understands deaconesses to be an apostolic institution, and, since the Apostolic Constitutions attest to the ordinations of deaconesses in the presence of the presbytery, it appears these ordinations occur in public in front of the altar inthe sanctuary.
It seems certain to Vagaggini that, in the history of the undivided church, the Byzantine tradition maintained that deaconesses belonged to the group of bishops, presbyters, and deacons.
Given the above, Vagaggini concludes that theologically, by virtue of the use of the Byzantine Church, it appears that women can receive diaconal ordination, which by nature and dignity is equated to the ordination of the deacons.
Vagaggini affirms that the liturgical work of the deaconesses was more restricted than that of the male deacons, a now obsolete fact regarding distribution of Communion and many other tasks since by indult women do almost everything the clergy can except say Mass, hear confessions, and anoint the sick.
It is also true that the ancient tradition of the church unanimously denied women the possibility of entering the priesthood. Such led and still leads to confusion about the topic at hand. Clearly, there is no prohibition against discussing the restoration of women to the ordained diaconate, a tradition followed in the Eastern and Western churches for many centuries.
InVagaggini was asked to make an intervention before the Synod of Bishops on the Laity, which had gathered bishops and 60 lay auditors. While a brief paper—fewer than twenty pages—was produced init was not signed by its then-prefect, Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, and not published.
The newer ITC document under consideration and eventually published expanded the discussion. The study also depends heavily on prior published work by Gerhard L. He was reappointed by Francis. At this time, the disciplinary document of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith regarding sacred ordination of a woman remains in effect.
InBenedict XVI asked if women could be offered more spazio; in his August interview Francis said it was necessary to give women more space, more room, in the church.
Each has been reviewed many times, but the inevitable errors are simply that and are not intended to misrepresent either Vagaggini or the discussion. Liturgical Press, ; original:Mar 30, · “Apostolic” designates the identity of the church of all times from its beginnings and infancy in Christ and his apostles until the present.
To the catholicity of the church belongs such Biblical ideals as “all nations” and “to the end of the earth”. The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.
The church is headed by the Bishop . Whether it be a corrupt development or a legitimate, conducted on sound logic or fallacious, the present so-called Catholic religion is the successor, the representative, and the heir of the religion of the so-called Catholic Church of primitive times” ().
The Church is one, holy, Catholic, and apostolic because the kingdom of Heaven already exists in her. The Church teaches that this kingdom has come in Christ, grows within the hearts of believers, and will be fully manifested on the Last Day, when all are gathered into one People of God.
Catholicism is a religion of truth, not opinion. This truth is a divinely revealed truth, not simply one we make up as we go along. Be that as it may, it is no secret that the Catholic Church is beset by certain elements that reject the revealed truth of the faith.
The Catholic Church is Apostolic. June 5, The Catholic Church is Apostolic.
Ninth Article of the Apostles’ Creed continued The Catholic Church is Apostolic. What exactly does this mean? This means that the Pope and the Bishops of the Catholic Church can all trace their actual lineage back to St Peter and the Apostles.